The Georgia Crime Information Center (GCIC) was established in 1973 as an operating division within the GBI to serve as the chief provider of criminal justice information services in Georgia. Since then, the principal mission of GCIC has been to assist all officials and agencies of the criminal justice system in the fulfillment of their varied responsibilities on a statewide basis by providing round-the-clock access to needed information.
GCIC is mandated by Georgia law and by binding agreements with several federal agencies to monitor and enforce compliance by Georgia criminal justice agencies with certain state and federal statutes, the Rules of the GCIC Council (i.e., the Georgia Board of Public Safety) and with relevant federal regulations.
The Georgia Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) Network, operated by GCIC teleprocessing specialists, provides direct terminal access to computerized databases maintained by Georgia agencies, by agencies in other states and by the FBI Criminal Justice Services Division. Georgia's CJIS network has more than 1,500 member agencies operating over 10,000 terminals able to communicate instantly with tens of thousands of terminals operated by other federal, state and local criminal justice agencies throughout the United States. The CJIS network handles more than 13 million messages per month in support of Georgia's criminal justice agencies.
GCIC maintains Georgia's computerized criminal history database that includes the fingerprint and criminal history records of more than 2,600,000 persons. Georgia traditionally ranks among the top states in the nation, along with California, New York and Florida in the number of criminal fingerprint records processed each year .
GCIC was the first state criminal records repository to have an Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) which creates or updates criminal history records as a by-product of the fingerprint identification process. The current system supports electronic fingerprint submissions from the local agency and to the FBI. There are 103 agencies transmitting arrest fingerprint cards electronically to GCIC. With the service these 107 agencies provide to surrounding local agencies, GCIC receives electronic submissions from approximately 351 agencies. This represents over 83% of the total criminal fingerprint card workload and 15% of the applicant fingerprint card workload. GCIC currently receives an average of 1,000 electronic criminal transactions daily. This real-time processing of arrest information makes current, up-to-date criminal history information available to the criminal justice community.
The responsibilities of GCIC extend beyond Georgia as an integral part of a nationwide effort to improve the quality of criminal justice information. Georgia law enforcement agencies are contributors to state and national Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) programs. GCIC receives crime and arrest reports from more than 600 state and local law enforcement agencies each month. The reports become the database from which periodic and special reports and analyses of criminal incidents and arrests are produced as needed. The database also provides Georgia statistical input to "Crime in the United States", which is published annually by the FBI and an annual summary report compiled by GCIC, accessible through the web based system for local agency input - the GBI Crime Statistics Database link.
GCIC is responsible by law to operate a state protective order registry. The Georgia Protective Order Registry (GPOR) that became operational on July 1, 2002, is an online, web-based service that stores protective orders issued by the Superior Courts of Georgia. The goal of this registry is to enhance victim safety by providing law enforcement officers, prosecuting attorneys and the courts 24 hour a day, 7 day a week access to protective orders issued by the courts of this state and foreign courts. Since the July 2002 implementation date, over 43,000 orders have been received and over 1,100 users have been granted access to the web site.
The Georgia Sexually Violent Offender (SVO) Registry was enacted by the 1996 Georgia General Assembly and became operational during FY1997. Since that time, the GBI has registered 8,655 offenders, with 1,241 added during FY2004. Over 5,800 images of registered sex offenders have been placed on the web site. As a public service, the GBI web page was launched on the Internet in FY1998.
A team of customer support analysts, located throughout Georgia, provides training and other consultative services to Georgia's criminal justice/public safety community on all GCIC program areas. Areas of training include: usage and controls of the CJIS network; information reporting responsibilities of agencies set forth in state law; training in security controls for access to data provided through the CJIS network; reporting and use of crime statistics under the FBI's UCR Program; and a host of other areas.
A second GCIC team, also based locally throughout Georgia, conducts performance audits triennially for all agencies operating CJIS network terminals as well as many non-terminal agencies with authority to access information from the CJIS network. Audits are required by state law and operating policy of the FBI/National Crime Information Center (NCIC). Audits have proved to be an effective means of documenting compliance with state and federal laws and regulations dealing with access and use of criminal justice computers and information derived there from. Together, these teams provide a strong, effective means of support and control for Georgia's criminal justice community that is comprised of over 2,300 federal, state and local agencies.
GCIC staff also has taken the lead in improving Georgia's criminal justice records. This effort includes creation of interfaces with local and state criminal justice systems and the automated submission of data on arrests and dispositions to the center. Automation linkages are being installed that will allow for real-time inquiry of relevant identification and criminal history data from other states. The center's AFIS database also supports remote searching of fingerprints left by unknown suspects at the scene of crimes.
GCIC computer programmers and analysts maintain/support computerized databases to provide computerized investigative support to state and local law enforcement agencies. In a series of complex criminal investigations, the leads provided by GCIC analysts have proven to be the keys to investigative and prosecutorial success.
In 2001 the GCIC Advisory Board was created. The purpose of the Advisory Board is to serve as liaison between GCIC and the public safety community; to provide recommendations to GCIC on such things as polices, procedures and publications concerning the CJIS network and other related matters. It is composed of seven members representative of the Georgia Public Safety community including the President of the Georgia Association of Terminal Agency Coordinators (GATAC).